#1 Superfine yarns include sock yarns and fingering yarns, and make a lightweight fabric. Light worsted is the same as DK in the UK. To get the best results it’s a good idea to use the weight of yarn specified in your pattern, although tools such as YarnSub can help if you want to find a substitute. However it’s not as complicated as you might think. For example, let’s say I’m following a pattern that calls for #3 DK weight yarn. Great for baby clothes, heavier socks and lightweight tops. The term ‘yarn weight’ refers to the thickness of the thread, not the weight of the ball or even of the thread itself. Hi Becki. These yarns make any project work up quickly. Addi Express Knitting Machine Tips and Techniques, Addi Express King Size Knitting Machine Projects, Addi Express Professional Knitting Machine Projects, How to Make the Hexagon Flower Afghan on your Addi Express Professional Knitting Machine, Speckled Stripes Infinity Scarf – Free Knitting Pattern, Dots & Dashes Cowl – Free Crochet Pattern, Moss Stitch Hat – Free Knitting Pattern in Worsted or Sport Weight Yarn, Convertible Diamond Wrap – Free Knitting Pattern, Simple Slouchy Sweater – Free Knitting Pattern, Afternoon Stroll Cowl – Free Knitting Pattern, Shortcut Brioche Pom Pom Hat – Free Knitting Pattern, Easiest Knitted Hat – Free Knitting Pattern for Beginners. These yarns are a bit thicker than Superfine / Fingering yarns, but still create a lightweight fabric. However, if you want to be even more precise with your yarn substitution, you can look at the ratio of yarn length to skein size. Please be kind enough to explain this to me. Too thick, and your stitches will be too large, making the project come out bigger than you wanted. These yarns may be labeled as DK weight or Light Worsted, but both terms refer to yarns of the same thickness. The names for the different yarn weights are a bit chaotic. Crochet Stitch Heights // 2. The metric equivalent is 1.6-1.4mm for steel and the regular metric hook size of 2.25mm. If you’ve ever been yarn shopping, you know that there are loads of different types of yarn out there. Want to know the difference between DK and aran weight yarn? Usually double the weight of 4ply, this is the most widely used weight. Worsted yarns are medium thickness and knit up on 4-5½mm needles, making them a good choice for beginners and winter knits such as jumpers and blankets. So i have put together a simple guide to understanding yarn weights for your reference. Knit on 3½ to 4½mm needles. While using a yarn weight guide is extremely helpful, remember that these are guidelines and estimates, always test and confirm your own gauge. No equivalent exists in the UK. Try 6 issues of Simply Knitting magazine for £9.99. Specifically, fi… Oct 25, 2018 - Yarn weight guide and conversion chart. Hi Theda! Yarn weight does not refer to how much the skein of yarn weighs in ounces or grams. Most yarns state their weight on the ball band but some may not, only giving the composition. How do you know if the yarn you want to use is the right size for your project? That might not seem like a big deal, but sometimes, the weight categories are called by different names. Like a yarn you see? Read our magazines on your phone, tablet or computer. Knit on 3 to 4mm needles. As different fibres have different densities, a metre of a fluffy aran wool may weigh less than a metre of 4ply cotton, even though the aran is the ‘heavier’ yarn. I would recommend holding the two yarns together and using the wraps per inch test to figure out what yarn weight it is now equivalent to. There are all kinds of numbering systems to describe and compare yarns. The other end of the scale is Lace yarn which is one of the thinnest yarns you can find. And a singles (1ply) yarn could be lace weight, big or somewhere in between. Standard Yarn Weight System Downloads of these graphic symbols are available at no charge. Discovered some unidentified yarn … Happy Yarning! If you love this Guide to Yarn Weights, you might also like to check out these other great crochet tutorials. 1. How do you know if your yarn is the right thickness? All rights reserved. To do this, you would take the doubled yarn and wrap it around a ruler, pencil, or knitting needle. Yarn Weights demystified! As mentioned in the article above, DK yarns are in the #3 Light category, which is also called Light Worsted. For instance if two of #1 weight is equal to #3 weight and so on. While every yarn isn't perfect for every project, learning about yarn weights will allow you a lot more creativity in your choices. The Craft Yarn Council has designated 8 different yarn weight categories. May 25, 2019 - Yarn weight guide and conversion chart. 8 ply would normally refer to double knitting yarn. However, if the yarn I want to use only has 105 yards in a 50 gram skein, even if it is still #3 DK weight, that yarn will be slightly thicker than the yarn called for in the pattern. In most cases, as long as the yarn you want to use is in the same category as the yarn used in the pattern, it should be okay to substitute. Yarn weight is important in achieving the correct gauge or tension for a particular project and can help with yarn substitution. So, how do you compare the thickness of a yarn? If you’re looking at US yarn brands or patterns, you might see sport weight yarn mentioned. The term ‘yarn weight’ refers to the thickness of the thread, not the weight of the ball or even of the thread itself. As a yarn’s weight is determined by its thickness, a thin yarn such as lace is described as ‘light’, while a thick yarn such as super-chunky is ‘heavy’ – regardless of the overall weight of the ball. Yarn weight is important in achieving the correct gauge or tension for a particular project and can help with yarn substitution. The Standard Yarn Weight System is mainly used in North America. Yarns are made from many different fibers and come in different thicknesses; otherwise known as Yarn Weights. *This post may contain affiliate links. Cast on and off loosely. Use when DK isn’t heavy enough, and chunky is too bulky. Take care not to mix different weights of yarn in one project, unless it’s a novelty look you’re after! When you wrap the yarn tightly, or put a bit of tension on it as you wrap, that stretches the yarn a bit and causes it to measure thinner than it actually is. We can know what weight category a yarn falls into by checking the yarn label. Thanks for stopping by. The thickness of your yarn (among other factors) has a huge impact on the look of your knitted or crocheted fabric — and certainly the amount of time it takes to complete it. This is an 8ply yarn below: You can interchange yarns within the weight. Bulky yarns are great for when you want to make a thick, squishy project in a short time. Worsted yarns are medium thickness and knit up on 4-5½mm needles, making them a good choice for beginners and winter knits such as jumpers and blankets. #4 yarns are very common in stores, and I think they are probably the most popular. It’s no wonder a crafter might get a little confused. This is where the Standard Yarn Weight System comes in. DK stands for Double Knit, and it is a term for describing yarn thickness. Yarns come in a range of standard sizes (the most well-known being set by the Craft Yarn Council), which can be found written on the ball band along with the suggested needle size and tension. International and Historical Differences in Yarn Weights . The #0 category is for the thinnest of yarns. Yarn weight determines how many stitches it takes to knit 1 inch. The Yarn Weight Chart below gives a handy comparison of different knitting and crochet yarns along with needle and hook sizes, approximate meterage to the 100g and WPI, using UK, US, German and Australian terminology. Knit on 2 to 3½mm needles. If you’ve ever untwisted or split your yarn while knitting, you’ll have seen these individual plies. The best guide to Yarn Weigths + a free Yarn Weight Conversion Chart to have on hand when picking yarn for your projects. Especially if you fancy swapping out the yarn in your pattern for a yummier one. I do know that two strands of #4 worsted weight yarn are similar in thickness to a #5 bulky yarn. Digital Assistant, Simply Knitting and The Knitter. Size 4 Medium Weight Yarns Hook Range: I-9 to K-10.5 (5.5-6.5 mm) Especially when reading patterns from around the world. The Jumbo category is relatively new. Size 10 crochet thread also falls into the Lace weight category. I would suggest using a ruler, laying the yarn out on the table, and rolling the ruler to wrap the yarn instead of wrapping it with your hand. Yarn weight guide. Could you also tell us how two yarns can be held together while knitting, would that make it in effect equal to a heavier weight of yarn? The Craft Yarn Council has designated 8 different yarn weight categories. My favorite hooks for crocheting amigurumi are Clover Amour hooks in size B (2.25 mm), size C (2.75 mm), and size D (3.25 mm) depending on my yarn weight. However, some manufacturers only give the name of the yarn weight without the category number. If you enjoyed this post, why not check out some of my other free patterns, tips, and tutorials? About to buy some yarn? For example, two yarns may both be labeled as #4 Medium, but one may be slightly thicker than the other. Now that you’ve mastered yarn conversions find a project to work on with our knitting patterns collection, and see our guides to the best knitting kits for beginners and knitting books for more inspiration. Worsted weight and Aran yarns fall into the #4 Medium category, but some Aran yarns tend to be slightly thicker than Worsted. As different fibres have different densities, a metre of a fluffy aran wool may weigh less than a metre of 4ply cotton, even though the aran is the ‘heavier’ yarn. Yarn weight does not refer to how much the skein of yarn weighs in ounces or grams. From ‘alt’ to ‘yo’, it’s all there…. When you hold two yarns together, it is much thicker. Learn how your comment data is processed. Or, if you prefer ounces, you can divide the number of yards in the skein by the number of ounces to find the number of yards per ounce for each skein. You might also see it referred to as ‘sock’ or ‘baby’ weight because – you guessed it! When you count the wraps per inch for the doubled yarn, you’ll want to treat the double-strand as though it was one strand. These standards (among others) were put in place by The Craft Yarn Council, an organization that represents the leading yarn companies in the yarn industry including Bernat, Caron, Lily … 01 Aug. They are very thick, so you’ll need some pretty large hooks or needles to work with them! Learn all you need to know about yarn weights and categories, with an infographic. Need to choose yarn for a project? Suitable for most garments and quick to knit up. So when you want to follow a pattern, and you go to buy yarn for the project, make sure the yarn you’re getting is in the same weight category as the yarn used in the pattern. Along with checking your gauge, this will help make sure your project comes out the right size! Yarn Weight (Thickness) Knitting and crochet yarns come in different weights, or thicknesses. Discovered some unidentified yarn … Visit our yarn page to see the color varieties and find a stockist near you. Historically, yarn weights were named after these numbers, so the higher the ply the heavier the yarn, but today it’s more complex than that. But there’s another thing to consider before you decide which yarn to use: thickness. The yarns in the #3 category also tend to be rather lightweight. The thickness of a yarn can have a huge effect on how your project turns out. This popular yarn weight (it’s reportedly the most-used yarn in the US) is equivalent to UK aran. Size 3 yarns is the typical end of the Baby Yarns spectrum. Aug 24, 2016 - Perhaps you want to make use of spare yarn in your stash, or maybe you feel like improvising. There’s no direct equivalent in the UK as sport weight sits between two categories: heavier than 4ply but lighter than DK. Fine weight yarn is 12 wpi. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. This helpful chart also allows you to compare different yarns weights. Weight #1 or Super Fine includes yarn types of sock, fingering and baby. Weight #0 or Lace includes yarn type fingering 10-count crochet thread. These yarns are so thick, you knit or crochet them using your hands and arms instead of hooks and needles! What weight of yarn to use for which garments. Here’s our at-a-glance guide to the most common yarn weights in the UK and US, and the needles to use with them: If you’re new to knitting, patterns can look like they’re written in another language. Yarn weight is categorized using a standard system of numbers, symbols and names. #5 yarns may also be labeled as Chunky, Craft, or Rug yarns. Just because a pattern states what yarn it used, doesn't mean you have to choose that yarn. But don’t worry, we’re here to translate! Buying yarn can be a tangly business. Tension is measured as the number of stitches and rows per 10cm/4inches. Ply refers to the number of strands that are plied, or twisted together, during spinning to create a single strand of yarn. Knitting; If you are a beginner who is learning how to knit or crochet then you are probably still figuring out yarn weights and categories. There are so many different colors, textures, and fibers that if you don’t know what to look for, it may be a bit overwhelming to choose just one yarn for your project. The thicker the yarn, the heavier it will be. I hope this helps! This keeps the yarn wrapped around the ruler with as little tension as possible, so you can get an accurate measurement. This category is one of my favorites! We’ll explain why a yarn’s weight has nothing to do with grams or kilos, reveal what is meant by fingering, sport and worsted weight, and help you choose the right yarn for your project with our yarn weight conversion chart. Name Ply (UK, NZ, AU) Wraps per inch Knit gauge (4 in / 10 cm) Crochet gauge Yarnstandards.com; Thread: 0 : Lace: Cobweb: 1 ply 0 : Lace: Lace: 2 ply 32-34 stitches Use the Standard Yarn Weight System to find out! I hope this helps! Yarns come in a standard range of sizes, but the names can vary from country to country. You may also share one photo from each post, as long as the photo is not altered or changed in any way. Copyright Yay For Yarn © 2019. Knitting and crochet are my passion, and I love helping others create beautiful things from yarn. Whether you’re on your first project or just need a quick refresher, check out our knitting abbreviations for the common stitches you’ll find in our patterns. So, whether you’re a newbie or you’ve been yarning for years, stick around and check out some of my FREE patterns & tutorials! Light worsted is the same as DK in the UK. A Simple Guide to Yarn Weights. Yarn labels are required to list the weight category of the yarn, as well as the fiber content and the amount of yarn in the skein. You can find all the Getting Started posts here. I have not tried working with Jumbo yarn yet, but if I do, I’ll be sure to post a photo. Hi! You want to wrap it around without pulling it tight (tutorial here). And why does nobody say ‘worsted’ in the UK? You can find our guide to these weights below. Yarn weight refers to the thickness of the yarn. As a result you can generally use it as a substitute for both weights, but make sure you swatch, swatch, swatch first to check that your tension is a good match! CATEGORIES 1, 2, AND 3: SUPER FINE, FINE, AND LIGHT (APPROXIMATE EQUIVALENT OF 2 TO 5 PLY) This is suited for small items like socks, gloves, hats, or garments for babies and children. Every yarn has a weight listed on the label. Read this first! Hi Dana. There are 7 categories which yarn weights fall into. Jumbo Yarn, a relatively new member of the Yarn family is very thick and used in Arm knitting. Required fields are marked *. A 2ply yarn has two strands, a 3ply has three and so on. Knit on 7 to 12mm needles. Perfect for outdoor or warm clothing. Understanding yarn weights can be a little confusing for crocheters of all skill levels. However, I do not know all of the precise weights of all of the combinations. If you’re yarn shopping in another country, you’ll want to check into the yarn weight system that is used there. Now you can easily find the right yarn size for your project based on gauge. – it’s an ideal weight for socks and baby garments. The standard yarn weight system on our website is a handy chart that provides the size needles and hooks you should use for each weight yarn, as well as suggested gauge. Knit on 4 to 5½mm needles. . Need to choose the right needles for the yarn you've bought? There would be a huge difference using a pencil versus a 2 inch wide ruler to wrap the yarn around. What exactly does DK mean, after all? The Standard Yarn Weight System . Yarn plies are confusing as they can … Bring back the magic - save up to 50% on a gift subscription! See our disclosure for details. The “weight” of a yarn actually refers to the thickness of the yarn. How to Check Gauge in Crochet. How do you know if your yarn is the right thickness? CATEGORY 0: LACE (APPROXIMATE EQUIVALENT OF 1 PLY) This is the lightest weight of yarn used for making doilies and other lovely lace designs. When it comes to the thickness of a yarn, the industry will talk about its weight. A great weight for beginners, as it produces quick results. It’s generally knitted on size 3-4mm needles and is a popular choice for lace shawls as it knits up into a light but cosy fabric. Yarn weight conversion chart and beginner’s guide. Plies are still commonly used as names for yarn weights, particularly in the UK and Australia, even though weight and ply are no longer always related! If the yarns you are looking at do not come in the same size skeins, say, if one comes in 50 gram skeins and the other comes in 100 gram skeins, you can just divide the numbers on the 100 gram skein in half to know how much yardage would be in 50 grams. If it’s too thin, your stitches will be too small, and your project won’t be big enough. Your email address will not be published. Need to choose yarn for a project? When choosing the right yarn for your project, size matters. Depending on which country you are in, there are many different terms for yarn weights. Although beautiful pieces for babies have been made in nearly every size and type of yarn, traditionally, baby items are made with Size 1, 2, and 3 yarns. Some manufacturers use the symbols provided by the Craft Yarn Council, which show a little picture of a skein of yarn with a number on it. Aran yarn is a medium weight yarn that can be known in the US as worsted weight yarn listed in the medium weight category. Knit on 9 to 20mm needles. Here are the different yarn weights and the ideal projects for each: #0 = Lace weight (for fine threadwork, doilies) #1 = … Knit on 5½ to 7mm needles. By: Sara Dudek, Posted on August 1, 2018 July 31, 2018. Here are the yarn weights you’ll most commonly encounter in the UK, and our recommendations for what to knit with them. The Craft Yarn Council has a page on their site with a chart (here), showing the recommended hook and needle sizes to use with each yarn weight, as well as the recommended gauge. In the USA you would probably see this called a medium weight yarn or DK yarn, in the UK DK yarn or 8 ply and in Australia also 8 ply. Its knit gauge is 23-26 stitches per 4 in / 10 cm on 3.25-3.75 mm needles (US size 3-6 needles). The “weight” of a yarn actually refers to the thickness of the yarn. Aran, however, weighs slightly more than worsted yarn – so they are not exactly the same weight. Many baby yarns are sport weight. Again, it is generally fine to just pick a yarn that falls into the same weight category as the yarn called for in your pattern. This Yarn Weight Chart compares global, number system, UK and US yarn weight categories to aid in choosing substitute yarn for your knitting project. If the yarn my pattern calls for has 127 yards in a 50 gram skein, and the yarn I want to use has 123 yards in a 50 gram skein, those two yarns will be very similar in thickness. This system (wraps per inch ) always has confused me. A 4ply yarn might not have four plies – it could have more or fewer. Learn all you need to know about yarn weights and categories, with an infographic. However, the UK, Europe, and Australia use a different classification method for labeling yarn by its thickness. Yarn count Approximate thickness: 2/48000 to 2/60000: super very fine 1 ply: 2/36000: very fine 1- ply: 2/34000: fine 1 - ply: 2/30000: full 1 - ply: 2/28000: 1-ply: 2/24000: 1 1/2 - ply: 2/20000: 2 - ply: 2/16000: Full 2 - ply: 2/14000: 3 - ply: 2/10000: Fine 4 - ply: 2/8000: 4 - ply Footer menu. Search; News; Stay in touch. As well spending her working life thinking about yarn, Sarah designs knitting patterns in her spare time, too! We ask that if you use them in any publication that you advise us in an e-mail of your intention to use them and that the following credit line be given at least once in the document: Source: Craft Yarn Council's www.YarnStandards.com Thank you! If squeezing yarn, collecting yarn, or making stuff from yarn is your thing, you’ll feel right at home here. Yarn Weights and Yarn Types Go Hand in Hand. Yarn Weights | A Beginners Guide. Parts of a Crochet Stitch // 3. The photo below shows examples of 7 out of the 8 weight categories. This weight of yarn is usually crocheted using the US hook size of 6/7/8 (steel) and B-1 of regular. Here’s a conversion chart comparing Standard Yarn Weight to the other terms used around the world. My current favorite amigurumi yarns are Ricorumi DK weight yarn and Paintbox Yarns Cotton Aran. Note that the term ‘worsted’ can also refer to the way the yarn is processed – it can either be worsted spun or woolen spun – so you may see it used in the context of yarn manufacturing and spinning as well. I hope this helps! The most important thing in identifying a yarn thickness is the needle size you’ll be using. If you’re following a pattern, using yarn that is the correct thickness is very important. These categories help us know how thick a yarn is, and whether it will be suitable for use with the pattern we want to follow. Source of Yarn Weight Symbols: Craft Yarn Council’s www.YarnStandards.com. Knitting yarns come in a wide range of different thicknesses, or ‘weights’, and the weight of yarn you choose will have a big impact on the look and feel of your finished fabric. Although the weight categories give a guidelines for yarn thickness, there is still some variation in thickness, even among the same category. Posted on Sep 16,2018. by Oscar Jones. It's a range, from super fine to super bulky. Be sure to purchase enough yarn to complete your project. Good for furnishings. Perfect for eye-catching scarves and coats, as well as cosy cushions and throws. My mission is to share the joy of yarn crafts with makers of all skill levels by creating clear, thoroughly-explained video tutorials and modern, approachable projects. We've got all the information you need right here! Notice how the yarn gradually gets thicker as the category number goes up. Good for socks and gloves. Whatever the case, we hope this helps you find the right yarn, gauge, and needles for your next adventure with Blue Sky Fibers. SAVE up to 78% on US shop price and pay in $$! Use for delicate lace knitting and baby garments. In the US, fine weight yarn is referred to as sport, while in Australia and New Zealand, it is called 5 ply. Your email address will not be published. (See this post for more info on Knitting & Crochet Gauge.). This popular yarn weight (it’s reportedly the most-used yarn in the US) is equivalent to UK aran. The #2 yarns are often labeled as Sport Weight. What's the difference between sock yarn and fingering weight yarn? Use the Standard Yarn Weight System to find out! Therefore, treat it gently to avoid tangling or breakage. You are welcome to share a link to any of my posts on your own website. Amigurumi Yarn & Hook Recommendations. Aran weight is more commonly used than worsted weight if you are visiting UK stores or websites to buy yarn. Thread Weight vs. Yarn Weight: A Guide to WPI and Yarn Substitution. The standard yarn weight system goes from a range of 0 to 7, with size 0 (or lace yarn) being the smallest weight (or thickness) and size 7 being the largest weight.
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